Thin, dark, and flat, like Yuan Dingping, when he first entered the public eye a few decades ago, Yuan Longping seems to have changed nothing. He is about to turn 90, and he is also going to the field almost every day. “Before going to bed at night, think about how my super rice grows, whether there are pests and diseases, and whether the weather is dry.”
Before Yuan Longping left for Beijing, he went to the field to watch the growth of rice fields. Yesterday, after attending the award ceremony of the Republic Medal, I returned to Hunan on the same day. “I will go to the field tomorrow.” He has his own task form: this year he sprinted to 1200 kilograms per mu. “If there is no catastrophic natural disaster, 90% of the grasp can be achieved.”
At 3 pm yesterday, Yuan Longping, who was just awarded the Republic Medal, came to the Chinese Academy of Engineering to participate in the Chinese Academy of Engineering to study the academic spirits of Yuan Longping and Huang Xuhua, and to speak at the forum. Beijing News reporter Hou Shaoqing photo At 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon, Yuan Longping, who was just awarded the Republic Medal, came to the Chinese Academy of Engineering to participate in the Chinese Academy of Engineering to study Yuan Longping and Huang Xuhua’s scientific spirit symposium and to speak at the forum. Beijing News reporter Hou Shaoqing photo
Super rice production of 1100 kg per mu “Leading the world”
In the 1950s, Yuan Longping was originally engaged in the research and teaching of sweet potato breeding. However, at that time, the country was in short supply of food, so he turned to the rice breeding that the country needed most.
One day in July 1961, Yuan Longping selected seeds in the experimental field and accidentally discovered a rice plant that stood out from the ground. The tassels are large and full, with as many as 230 grains. By careful calculation, using it as a seed, the rice yield will be over 1,000 kilograms, while the high-yielding rice was only five or six hundred kilograms.
“Put it up for the second year. As a result, there is no such thing as ‘Laozi’ grows so good, high and short.” Yuan Longping said in an interview, “I had great hope.” As a result, I was disappointed. After the disappointment, I suddenly came to the inspiration. It was the hybrid rice that was separated.”
In 1964, Yuan Longping once again discovered a “natural male sterile plant”. After 9 years, the hybrid “three-line matching method” has finally succeeded, which is about 20% higher than that of conventional rice. It has achieved a historic breakthrough in hybrid rice and made a major contribution to fundamentally solving the problem of food self-sufficiency in China.
In 1996, the Ministry of Agriculture proposed the super rice breeding program. The research team led by Yuan Longping successively broke through the problems of 700 kg, 800 kg, 900 kg, 1000 kg and 1100 kg of super rice. The five phases have all been completed.
“We are far ahead of the world.” Yuan Longping said at a forum of the Chinese Academy of Engineering yesterday.
From “Nanyou 2” to super rice, Yuan Longping has continuously improved hybrid rice for decades. Hybrid rice has now covered all of China and many countries. According to CCTV News’ 2017 report, in China alone, the area of hybrid rice planted has reached 250 million mu, accounting for 57% of the area, and the output accounted for 65%.
Nearly 90 years old, I still go to the experimental field almost every day.
It’s almost 90 years old, and Yuan Longping is still a servant. He almost went to the field to test the field every day to observe the growth of hybrid rice.
Bai Lianyang, secretary of the Party Committee of Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, has been working with Yuan Longping for a long time. “Yuan Academician often educates young science and technology staff: there is no rice on the computer. I encourage everyone to write the paper on the earth. As long as someone goes to his home. I would like to discuss the work of hybrid rice. He is always warmly welcoming. He can talk about hybrid rice seriously without eating or sleeping.”
In an interview yesterday, Yuan Long was very excited to be awarded the Republic Medal, and he even regarded this honor as a spur. “I can’t lie on the credit book and sleep, continue to work hard and continue to climb the peak.”
He talked about his current two major tasks, one is to continue to engage in hybrid rice, to produce high yield, higher yield, and super high yield.
“I hope that this year’s demonstration field will realize 1200 kilograms per mu and 18 tons per hectare, and present to the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China.”
It is understood that there are currently four demonstration films in the country that are tackling the target of 1,200 kilograms per mu. Two of the demonstration films are expected to achieve 1,200 kilograms per mu in October this year.
The next goal is to tackle the rice in the sea. The National Salt and Alkali Rice Technology Innovation Center will be established.
Another task that Yuan Longping has set for himself is the sea rice that has received much attention.
“I have made a report to the Prime Minister. I hope he supports the research in this area. He has approved ‘very agree’ and has to set up a special national salt and alkali-resistant rice technology innovation center,” said Yuan Longping.
He counted the accounts: there are more than one billion mu of saline-alkali land in the country, and nearly 200 million mu can grow rice. Developed 100 million acres of salt-tolerant rice within ten years.
“What is this concept? 30 billion kilograms. It is equivalent to more than 100 million people.”
Sea rice has been studied all over the world, but generally there is little progress. “Why do I take this task? We have the advantage of hybrid rice.” Yuan Longping said.
He revealed that the research team is now stepping up efforts for the research of sea rice. At present, it has carried out cooperative research in Guangdong, Shandong, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Hunan and other places across the country. The first batch hopes to produce 620 kilograms per mu. The research team has the advantage of hybrid rice breeding in the sea. “We are confident that we can accomplish this task.”
He has increased some volume: we are still very confident to complete this task, I hope everyone will support our work.
After working for decades, Yuan Longping sometimes fears that he can’t keep up with the rhythm: “It’s finished with research dementia.”
“Before the doctor gave me a test and asked me how much 95+13 is. I answered it all at once. This shows that the brain is still useful. Adding, subtracting, multiplying and mentally calculating it is still possible.” He was happy to draw.
“There are tens of millions of grains in an acre field, which is quite uncomfortable.” Yuan Longping also has a lot of grain spikes and grain counts.
This award is the most solemn and solemn, and I have to go to the field after winning the prize.
Beijing News: How do you feel when you are awarded the Republic Medal?
Yuan Longping: It is exciting. I have won a lot of awards. This time, the grandest and most solemn, I feel glory, and the award gave me the greatest encouragement. This medal is also “heavyweight” and very heavy.
Beijing News: Is there any story at the conference?
Yuan Longping: General Secretary Xi asked me what progress has been made recently. I replied that the super rice is sprinting at 1200 kilograms per mu.
Our current super hybrid rice has already achieved an annual yield of 1,100 kilograms. This year, we will move to 1200 kilograms per mu and 18 tons per hectare. If there are no special natural disasters, pests and diseases, I have 90% confidence that it can be achieved. We are far ahead of the world.
Beijing News: What are your plans after winning the prize?
Yuan Longping: Tomorrow (referring to September 30), I have to go to the field again. I thought before going to bed at night, how is my super rice growing? Are there any pests and diseases? Is the climate a drought? I will count, there are a lot of grain spikes, the number of grains to count. There are tens of millions of grains in an acre field, which is unreasonable.
Beijing News: What are your thoughts on your future work?
Yuan Longping: I have two dreams: “He Xia Chengliang Dream” and “Hybrid Rice Covers the Global Dream.”
“Hexia’s cool dream” is the high-yield, higher-yield, super-high-yield of super hybrid rice, which is gradually approaching this dream.
“Hybrid rice covers the global dream” is the hope that super rice will go abroad.
Last year, there were 7 million hectares of foreign hybrid rice, mainly distributed in developing countries, India, Vietnam, etc., but many rice fields in developed countries have also been planted with hybrid rice.
There are 160 million hectares of paddy fields in the world. If half of them are mixed with hybrid rice, the yield will increase by 2 tons per hectare. The annual increase in food production can feed more than 500 million people.
Of course, the second dream is not something that my personal strength can accomplish. Hybrid rice needs to work hard and coordinate in order to go abroad.
Male, Han nationality, non-partisan, born in September 1930, Dean, Jiangxi, National Hybrid Rice Engineering Technology Research Center, former director of Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center, former vice chairman of Hunan Provincial CPPCC, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, fifth national NPC deputies, members of the Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Nine, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Invented the “three-line method” indica hybrid rice, successfully developed the “two-line method” hybrid rice, and created a super hybrid rice technical system. He was awarded the National Science and Technology Award, the National Science and Technology Progress Award and the “Reform Pioneer”.